Understanding GitLab: What is Gitlab and How is it Used?
In the fast-paced world of software development, efficient version control and collaboration are essential. GitLab, a web-based Git repository manager, has emerged as a robus...
12/09/2023 | 2 Minute Read
In the fast-paced world of software development, efficient version control and collaboration are essential. GitLab, a web-based Git repository manager, has emerged as a robust solution for managing source code repositories, streamlining development workflows, and fostering team collaboration. In this blog, we’ll explore what GitLab is, how it works, and the various ways it benefits software development teams.
What is GitLab?
GitLab is an open-source platform built around Git, the distributed version control system developed by Linus Torvalds. It provides a comprehensive set of tools and features to manage Git repositories, project planning, continuous integration/continuous deployment (CI/CD), code review, issue tracking, and more. Essentially, GitLab consolidates the entire software development lifecycle into one seamless interface, simplifying the process and making it more efficient.
Key Features and Functionality
- Git Repository Management: At its core, GitLab is a powerful Git repository manager. It allows developers to create, clone, push, and pull repositories, providing version control capabilities that ensure changes to code are tracked, managed, and merged efficiently.
- Issue Tracking and Project Management: GitLab offers a built-in issue tracking system, enabling teams to create, assign, and track issues, bugs, and feature requests. It also provides a project management board with customizable workflows to visualise tasks and progress.
- Continuous Integration/Continuous Deployment (CI/CD): One of GitLab’s standout features is its integrated CI/CD pipelines. Developers can automate the testing, building, and deployment processes, ensuring code changes are thoroughly tested before being merged into the main codebase and deployed to production.
- Code Review and Collaboration: GitLab streamlines code review by enabling developers to comment on code changes directly within the platform. This fosters collaboration, knowledge sharing, and ensures the quality of code before merging.
- Wiki and Documentation: GitLab provides an internal wiki system, enabling teams to create and maintain project documentation. This fosters knowledge sharing and helps new team members get up to speed quickly.
- Security and Compliance: GitLab comes with security and compliance checks built-in, not bolted-on. This makes it easy for software development teams to deliver value for the customers at fast speed, while not compromising on the security of their products or their customers’ data.
- AI and MLOps
GitLab’s approach to AI is privacy-first, enterprise-ready and provides value to all personas in the software development lifecycle. It goes beyond intelligent source code editing and supports each DevOps stage with powerful AI-enabled capabilities, amounting to 10x productivity for all team members.
How to Use GitLab
- Getting Started: To use GitLab, you need to set up an account or host your own instance on a server. GitLab offers various plans, including a free Community Edition with ample features to get started. Deimos can help you with all the requirements.
- Creating and Managing Projects: Once you have an account, you can create a new project or import an existing one into GitLab. Managing projects is intuitive, and you can easily customise access controls, invite team members, and set up branches.
- Collaborative Development: Team members can collaborate by pushing code changes, creating issues, and reviewing each other’s code. The merge request (MR) feature allows developers to propose code changes and receive feedback before merging them.
- CI/CD Pipelines: Configuring CI/CD pipelines involves creating a `.gitlab-ci.yml` file in your repository. This file defines the steps needed to test, build, and deploy your application automatically.
Benefits of Using GitLab
- Enhanced Collaboration: GitLab centralises development activities, facilitating seamless collaboration among team members regardless of their geographical location.
- Improved Productivity: With automated CI/CD pipelines and streamlined workflows, developers can focus more on writing code and less on repetitive tasks, improving overall productivity.
- Faster Time to Market: GitLab’s built-in code review process ensures that code changes are thoroughly assessed, leading to higher-quality code and reduced bugs in the production environment.
- Transparency and Accountability: The issue tracking and project management features provide transparency on project progress and help hold team members accountable for their tasks.
- Unified Platform: GitLab replaces multiple tools, reducing context shifts, enhancing speed, and cutting DevOps toolchain costs.
GitLab has revolutionised the way software development teams collaborate, streamline workflows, and manage code repositories. Its robust features, including version control, issue tracking, CI/CD, and code review, make it an indispensable tool for modern development practices. By adopting GitLab, teams can enhance productivity, code quality, and ultimately deliver better software products. So, if you’re a developer looking to optimise your development process, GitLab is undoubtedly worth exploring. Click here to learn more.